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How to choose the right channel for your WIFI

There are a lot of things may affect the connection speed of you WIFI. The connection speed between router or AP to your PC or laptop.

One of the most important fact is the channel.

For 2.4GHz, there are 13 channel. 20MHz each channel
1 : 2412MHz
2 : 2417MHz
3 : 2422MHz
4 : 2427MHz
5 : 2432MHz
6 : 2437MHz
7 : 2442MHz
8 : 2447MHz
9 : 2452MHz
10 : 2457MHz
11 : 2462MHz
12 : 2467MHz
13 : 2472MHz
14 : 2477MHz

If choose channel 3, it will cover from 2412MHz to 2432MHz.

One of the best tools to find the right channel is inSSider.
inssider-network

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WiFi Channel choice

WiFi IEEE 802.11b has a very limited channel (depend on country). In vary pack area with many WiFi Access point not all channel can be use at the same time. In North America, US State and Canada only Channels 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 and 11 are available for usage. In Europe Channel 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 and 13 can be use. In Japan only Channel 14 available for usage. The usage of each channel depend on country policy.
WiFi with base protocol IEEE 802.11b used Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) Modulation, which mean spectrum width for each usage is 22MHz wide for each station. This mean a station with 2437MHz Channel will be working on frequencies range of 2426MHz to 2448MHz. It will interfere 2 channel below and up of its channel. So effectively only 3 channel can be used without interfering each other which is Channel 1 , 6 and 11.
Channel : Frequency (Bold Channels = Recommended)
1 : 2412MHz
2 : 2417MHz
3 : 2422MHz
4 : 2427MHz
5 : 2432MHz
6 : 2437MHz
7 : 2442MHz
8 : 2447MHz
9 : 2452MHz
10 : 2457MHz
11 : 2462MHz
12 : 2467MHz
13 : 2472MHz
14 : 2477MHz

Continue reading “WiFi Channel choice”

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